|Born||(1914-06-21)21 June 1914
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
|Died||11 October 1996(1996-10-11) (aged 82)
Harrison, New York, USA
|Post Keynesian economics|
|Alma mater||Columbia University
John Maynard Keynes
|Influenced||Harvey J. Levin
Revenue equivalence theorem
|Awards||Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (1996)|
|Information at IDEAS / RePEc|
Balancing a nominal budget will solve nothing, and attempting to achieve such a spurious balance will produce much mischief.
There is no real justification for a requirement that a budget of any sort should be balanced, except as a rallying point for those who seek to hamstring government.
Deficits do not in themselves produce inflation, nor does a balanced budget assure a stable price level.
The supply-side effect of a restrictive monetary policy is likely to be perverse, in that high interest rates enter into costs and thus exert inflationary pressure.
Larger deficits are necessary and proper means to mitigate unemployment as the far greater evil in terms of human welfare.
Firms would be given initial entitlements to gross markup on the basis of past performance. These entitlements would be transferable and a market in them would be developed.
Nearly all educational expenditure should be considered a capital outlay, whether it provides a future return in the form of enhanced taxable income or in terms of an enhanced quality of life.
The nominal budget is a poor indicator of the impact of government outlays and revenues.
Currently a level of unemployment of 7 percent or more seems to be required to keep inflation from accelerating, a level quite unacceptable as a permanent situation.
Don’t you think you’re just rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic?
Practically, the desirable situation ought to be one in which any reasonably responsible person willing to accept available employment can find a job paying a living wage within 48 hours.
If unemployment could be brought down to say 2 percent at the cost of an assured steady rate of inflation of 10 percent per year, or even 20 percent, this would be a good bargain.
The insane pursuit of the holy grail of a balanced budget in the end is going to drive the economy into a depression.
The great increase in longevity has produced a surge in the desire to accumulate assets for retirement. It has outpaced the ability of the private sector to produce assets, so we need a larger government debt.
Increasingly prices are set by sellers to raise their prices without a loss of sales sufficient to wipe out the gain.
I define genuine full employment as a situation where there are at least as many job openings as there are persons seeking employment, probably calling for a rate of unemployment, as currently measured, of between 1 and 2 percent.
There is no reason inherent in the real resources available to us why we cannot move rapidly within the next two or three years to a state of genuine full employment.