|His Excellency Hajji
Sukarno in 1949
|1st President of Indonesia|
18 August 1945 â€“ 12 March 1967
|Prime Minister||Sutan Sjahrir
|Vice President||Mohammad Hatta|
|Preceded by||position established|
|12th Prime Minister of Indonesia as President of Indonesia For Life|
9 July 1959 â€“ 25 July 1966
|Preceded by||Djuanda Kartawidjaja|
|Succeeded by||Post abolished|
6 June 1901|
Surabaya, East Java, Dutch East Indies
|Died||21 June 1970
|Political party||Indonesian National Party|
|Height||1.72 m (5 ft 8 in)|
Fatmawati (m. 1943â€“1960)
Dewi Sukarno (m. 1960â€“1970, his death)
|Alma mater||Bandung Institute of Technology|
We are living in a world of fear. The life of man today is corroded and made bitter by fear: fear of the future, fear of the hydrogen bomb, fear of ideologies. Perhaps this fear is a greater danger than the danger itself because it is fear, which drives men to act thoughtlessly, to act dangerously.
If some nation says to us, 'You can have aid, but you have to end confrontation,' then I say, 'Go to hell with your aid.'
I always start from the stand that it is imperialism that needs us, not we who need the imperialists.
Indonesia is rich in natural resources. Indonesia is rich in manpower with its 103 million inhabitants – not like Malaysia with its 10 million.
Like David Copperfield, I was born amidst poverty and grew up in poverty. I did not own shoes. I did not bathe in water from a tap. I did no know about forks and spoons.
We feel free… Now we are really self-reliant. This is the great advantage of teaching ourselves to become a free people, no longer one that always asks, 'Aid, aid, please.'
Insofar as Pancasila is concerned, I am only its formulator: a formulator of those feelings which have been present silently in the heart of the Indonesian people.
I don't want to be a dictator, because it is contrary to my own conscience. I am a democrat, but I don't desire democratic liberalism. On the contrary, I want a guided democracy… I have a conception of my own, which I will put at the disposal of the party leaders if required.
To me, both the Declaration of Independence and the Communist Manifesto contain underlying truths, but the West doesn't permit a middle road.
I hate imperialism. I detest colonialism. And I fear the consequences of their last bitter struggle for life. We are determined that our nation, and the world as a whole, shall not be the plaything of one small corner of the world.
It is, of course, true that I have given priority to the settling of the problem of security and the problem of Irian Barat, although I knew that in order to do these things, almost three-quarters of our national product had to be spent.
I am not an economist… I am not a business technician. I am a revolutionary, and I do what is right for an economic revolutionary.
Which other people in this world stop up holes in their sidewalks with cassava, brothers and sisters? Only Indonesia itself, on account of the abundance of its food.
Upbuilding is necessary for the uplifting of our soul… Indonesia must be a strong country packed with factories. This is our utopia.
Let us not be bitter about the past, but let us keep our eyes firmly on the future.
If I used to say that Indonesia would be free when the corn ripens, I can now say that Indonesia will be free before it blossoms.
We are not facing great economic difficulties. The Indonesian people are faring reasonably well – just compare us to India or some other countries.
What, exactly, did Sjahrir do for the Republic? … His entire underground effort can be summed up by saying that he sat quietly and safely away somewhere listening to a clandestine radio.
America likes you only if you're on the side she selects. If you don't go along with her totally, you're automatically considered to have entered the Soviet bloc.
How terrifically dynamic is our time! We can mobilize all the spiritual, all the moral, all the political strength of Africa and Asia on the side of peace. Yes, we! We, the people of Asia and Africa!
I was weaned not on television or Wild West sagas but on stories of nationalism and patriotism. I would sit at my mother's feet by the hour and drink in these exciting tales of the freedom fighters in our family.
Even if you were a general in 1945, if you split the revolutionary national unity today, if you are an enemy of the main pillars of the revolution today, then you have become a force of reaction!
Our socialism does not include extreme materialistic concepts, since Indonesia is primarily a God-fearing, God-loving nation. Our socialism is a mixture. We draw political equality from the American Declaration of Independence. We draw spiritual equality from Islam and Christianity. We draw scientific equality from Marx.
If Marcos wants to aid Malaysia, that's his business, but we will continue to crush Malaysia, even if we have to fight alone.
No one shrieked, 'We want Bung Hatta.' I did not need him. Just as also I did not need Sjahrir, who refused to show himself at the time of the reading of the Proclamation. Indeed, I could do it myself, and indeed, I did it alone.
I would adore to make up with the United States of America… Oh, America, what is the matter with you? Why couldn't you have been my friend?
Crush Malaysia! Indonesia may change its tactics, but our goal will remain the same.
If I am not mistaken, it was a British poet who said that 'no one is properly dressed unless he wears a smile.'
Am I not peaceful? We want to be free – completely free. Free to be free. We want to be left alone.
Yes, definitely we want to see A or B or C and so forth live safely and soundly. But as mortal creatures, they will disappear in the end. No, we are not struggling above all else for mortal individuals, but rather for the idea of the glorious and powerful nation which sustains the eighty million Indonesians.
At least Russia and China didn't call us names when we smiled sweetly at America.
It has been the case for some time that I have made myself dizzy thinking about the fact that the implementation of the Three-fold Program of the government, above all in the area of food and clothing, has been experiencing difficulties.
The sophisticates of Java, the traders of Sumatra, the peasants from the outer islands found no common ground. During siesta time from one to five, the Islamic group met separately, the Nationalist group met separately, the Federalist and Unitarians met separately.
We are a fighting nation, continually struggling to overcome diseases from within… and to face up to foreign intervention from without.
I liked Kennedy. So far, he is the only American president who could talk with me and with whom I could talk. I know Johnson, but I have not yet a clear opinion of him.
Peking welcomed me with tremendous parades and gun salutes. The people with me are proud of me, proud that our downtrodden country has taken its place among the great nations. And now, people of America, I ask you, why didn't Eisenhower accord me the same respect?
The principle of building an economy without foreign monopoly capital has become a principle which, for us, is no longer subject to amendment.
I embrace the PKI because it is a revolutionary force. PKI go forward. PKI never retreat. PKI grow. PKI be strong. Onward.
I myself am sometimes fed up with Hatta's policies. Hatta and I sometimes bug each other, but omitting Hatta from the Proclamation Text… that is the action of a coward!
Not only should the Indonesian people believe in God, but every Indonesian should believe in his own God.
Even a child, if he looks at a map of the world, can point out that the Indonesian archipelago forms one unity. On the map, there can be shown a unity of the group of islands between two great oceans – the Pacific Ocean and the Indies Ocean – and between two continents – the continent of Asia and the continent of Australia.
What America did in Vietnam and the Congo – we feel. And as a result come these demonstrations. I am not defending the act of burning USIS books. We deplore it. But we can understand the motives of the students.
We must have a blueprint not only for a guided economy but for a social order based on justice and ensuring the well-being of the people.
We must all build national unity, build all revolutionary forces, into one powerful wave to sweep away our main enemy, political imperialism and economic imperialism.
Hatta always gave the impression of rain. If I was in a real good mood and full of ideas and then happened to encounter Hatta, I felt I was suddenly surprised by a shower of rain and got wet all over the body. My good mood was gone, and also my ideas.
If we truly understand, remember, and love the people of Indonesia, let us accept this principle of social justice, that is, not only political equality, but we must create equality in the economic field, too, which means the best possible well-being.
To intoxicate the masses until they were heady with the wine of inspiration was all I lived for. To me, this was elixir… I wax lyrical. I literally am overcome, and this is transmitted to my listeners.